Arctic foxes are hunters and scavengers. They eat practically anything!
In some places, they eat mostly rodents called lemmings. The seal scraps that a polar bear leaves behind can make a meal for a hungry Arctic fox.
The tundra is one of the driest and coldest places on earth. In winter, it is covered with ice and snow. In summer, the ground is soggy and wet.
People are born with various skin, hair, and eye colors, but arctic foxes come in just two colors: white or “blue.” In the winter, white foxes are almost entirely white, and blue foxes are pale bluish gray. They change color with the seasons. In the summer, white foxes turn mostly brown, and blue foxes turn dark bluish gray. Whatever the color, an arctic fox’s thick fur keeps it warm, even in a frozen habitat.
In spring and summer, Arctic foxes live in family groups. An adult male is called a dog, and an adult female is called a vixen. Babies are called kits, and a group of babies born at the same time is called a litter. Older brothers and sisters sometimes help raise the youngest kits.
Home, sweet home
Fox families live in dens. A den might be in a mound on the open tundra, under a pile of rocks, or in the side of a cliff. A fox den has many tunnels with several entrances.
Big or little
A small fox is about the size of a chihuahua. A large fox is about the size of a Jack Russell terrier.
In winter, an Arctic fox’s feet are completely covered with fur. Furry feet stay warm while the foxes trot over frozen tundra.
Arctic foxes have predators: golden eagles, bald eagles, wolves, wolverines, polar bears, brown bears, and red foxes.