Glossary

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Sanctuary - 

A place of refuge for animals where predatory animals may be controlled and hunting is not allowed.

Sanguinivore - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that drinks blood.

Saurophagous - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that eats lizards.

Savanna - 

In tropical or subtropical areas, a flat, mostly open, grasslandAn area with grass and very few trees. with a few scattered trees.

Scale - 

A hard, flat, armor-like structure that covers the bodies of snakes, reptiles, fish, and the feet of birds.

Scat - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.'s fecal droppingsThe dung, or fecal matter, of animals..

Scavenger/scavenge - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that eats the remains of animals killed by others or animals that died of natural causes./To search for food left behind by others or to feed on such food.

Seasonal color change - 

The change that occurs in the color of a mammalA warm-blooded animal with a backbone that breathes air, and has at least some hair at some point during its life. The females have glands that produce milk, which they feed to their young.'s fur or a birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly.'s feathers as winter or summer comes. For example, arctic foxes have white fur in the winter and brown fur in the summer.

Senses - 

Body parts that receive messages and send them to the brain; the eyes, ears, skin, nose, and tongue are sensory organs.

Sexual dimorphism - 

A difference in appearance between males and females of the same speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent., such as hornsGrowths on the head of an antelope, cow, sheep, or goat that are never shed., color, or size.

Sidewinding - 

A method of movement used by some snakes for traveling across loose surfaces such as sand.

Slash-and-burn agriculture - 

The method of agriculture in which people clear land by cutting down patches of the forestAn area with many trees. and burning the debris.

Snake - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. with a long, scaly body and no arms, legs, or wings. Snakes have backbones and are cold-bloodedAn animal whose body temperature changes with the temperature of the air or water around it, as a turtle or fish..

Social/social skills - 

Refers to animals that live in groups or communities./Skills animals learn that help them live successfully in groups.

Solitary - 

Living alone or with only one other animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs., usually a mate, not in colonies or groups.

Spar - 

When two animals fight each other.

Species - 

A group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. of rodentGenerally, a small mammal with soft fur. Rodents have large front teeth (incisors) that never stop growing. Rodents are mammals. Guinea pigs, hamsters, mice, rats, and squirrels are all rodents..

Species Survival Plan (SSP) - 

A cooperative populationThe number of a kind of animal that lives in a place. For example, San Francisco has a big seagull population; New York City has a population of several million people. management and conservationThe wise use, care, and protection of natural resources, including plants and animals. program for selected speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. at North American zoos and aquariums. Each SSP carefully manages the breeding of a speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. in order to maintain a healthy and self-sustaining captive populationThe number of a kind of animal that lives in a place. For example, San Francisco has a big seagull population; New York City has a population of several million people. that is both genetically diverse and demographically stable.

Spider - 

A small, cold-bloodedAn animal whose body temperature changes with the temperature of the air or water around it, as a turtle or fish. animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. with eight legs. A spiderA small, cold-blooded animal with eight legs. A spider's body is made up of two parts. It has no wings and no backbone. Many spiders spin webs to catch insects for food.'s body is made up of two parts. It has no wings and no backboneThe column of bones (spine) in the back of many animals. It supports the body. An animal with a backbone is called a vertebrate.. Many spiders spin webs to catch insects for food.

Spine - 

A stiff, sharp projection on an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.; another word for quillA hollow, sharp spine, made of modified hair, found on the backs of animals such as porcupines, hedgehogs, and echidnas. The hollow shaft of a feather, or a type of feather..

Stalk - 

To creep silently and slowly towards something without being seen.

Stampede - 

A group of frightened animals running together to get away from danger. A herdA group of animals that travels and feeds together. of wildebeest might stampedeA group of frightened animals running together to get away from danger. A herd of wildebeest might stampede to escape from a cheetah. to escape from a cheetah.

Studbook - 

Information about an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent., including a listing of every individual animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. of that speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent., its parents, date of birthThe beginning of an animal's life., and current location in an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. facility. Studbooks help zoos keep track of animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. populations.

Submerge - 

To go underwater. Hippos like to submergeTo go underwater. Hippos like to submerge to stay cool on a hot day. to stay cool on a hot day.

Subordinate - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. with a lower social ranking than the leader of the group.

Subspecies - 

A subdivision of a plantAny living thing that is not an animal. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch. or animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. that shows differences from others of the same speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent.. For example, there is a speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. of animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. called lion; there are two subspeciesA subdivision of a plant or animal species that shows differences from others of the same species. For example, there is a species of animal called lion; there are two subspecies of lion, the African lion and the Asian lion. of lion, the African lion and the Asian lion.

Succulent - 

A plantAny living thing that is not an animal. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch. that usually grows in dry, arid areas, with thick, fleshy leaves that store water. Cacti and aloes are succulents.

Suffocate - 

To prevent breathing.

Survive/Survival - 

The ability of an organismAnything that is alive. to continue living or existing in its environmentEverything that surrounds an animal or other living thing. For example, a pond is a frog's environment../The continuation of life.

Sustainable - 

Capable of being maintained for a long time.