Glossary

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Pachyderm - 

Meaning thick skin, this term usually refers to elephants, but can also apply to hippos.

Pacing - 

Front and rear feet taking a step simultaneously on the same side of the body.

Parasite - 

An organismAnything that is alive. that lives in, on, or with another animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. (called a hostIn biology, a host organism is one that provides sustenance to one or more parasitic organisms.), getting what it needs to survive from that hostIn biology, a host organism is one that provides sustenance to one or more parasitic organisms..

Pelage - 

The coat of a mammalA warm-blooded animal with a backbone that breathes air, and has at least some hair at some point during its life. The females have glands that produce milk, which they feed to their young., such as its wool, fur, or hair.

Perennial plant - 

A plantAny living thing that is not an animal. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch. that renews its top growth seasonally, living for an indefinite number of years.

Pest - 

A plantAny living thing that is not an animal. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch. or animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that humans believe to be harmful or annoying.

Pesticide - 

A chemical used to kill insects.

Photosynthesis - 

The process by which green plants utilize sunlight to make food from carbon dioxide and water.

Pinion - 

To remove or bind the wing feathers of a birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly. to prevent flight.

Pinniped - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. classification order, from the Latin words meaning feather feet, as all pinnipeds have four flippers. Seals, sea lions, and walrus belong in this classification.

Piscivorous - 

Fish-eating.

Plankton - 

Tiny organisms that float or weakly swim in the ocean.

Plant - 

Any living thing that is not an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch.

Plantigrade - 

A way of walking on the soles of the feet, including the heels. Examples of animals that walk this way are bears and humans.

Plastron - 

The shell covering the underside (bottom) of a turtle or other animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs..

Poaching/poacher - 

The illegal hunting or taking of wildlife out of its natural habitatWhere an animal or plant normally lives and grows./One who illegally hunts or takes wildlife out of its natural habitatWhere an animal or plant normally lives and grows. for personal gain.

Pollen - 

Fine, powdery, yellowish grains that are the fertilizing element of flowering plants.

Pollinator/Pollinate - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs., such as an insectA small animal without a backbone. Its body is divided into three parts. Insects have three pairs of legs and usually two pairs of wings. Flies, ants, grasshoppers, and beetles are a few of the many kinds of insects. or birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly., that picks up pollenFine, powdery, yellowish grains that are the fertilizing element of flowering plants. from a flower when it lands or feeds on the flower, and then deposits it on another flower when it stops to land or feed again.

Pollution - 

Harmful substances deposited in the air, water, or on land, leading to a state of dirtiness, impurity, or unhealthiness.

Polygamous - 

Having more than one mate at a single time.

Population - 

The number of a kind of animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that lives in a place. For example, San Francisco has a big seagull populationThe number of a kind of animal that lives in a place. For example, San Francisco has a big seagull population; New York City has a population of several million people.; New York City has a populationThe number of a kind of animal that lives in a place. For example, San Francisco has a big seagull population; New York City has a population of several million people. of several million people.

Population density - 

The number of persons who inhabit a unit area (usually per square mile).

Population growth - 

The increase in the number of people (births over deaths) in a given area.

Precocial - 

Young that are born or hatched fully able to care for themselves. Baby chickens are precocialYoung that are born or hatched fully able to care for themselves. Baby chickens are precocial..

Predator - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that hunts and kills other animals for its food.

Preen - 

In birds, to clean, trim, and smooth feathers with the beakThe hard mouthpart of a bird and some other animals. The beak can also be called a bill. or bill.

Prehensile - 

Refers to a body part that can be used like a hand for grasping or holding.

Preserve - 

An area restricted for the protection and preservation of animals, plants, or other natural resourcesMaterials found in nature that are used by people, such as sunshine, water, air, soil, minerals, forests, and wildlife..

Prey - 

Noun: An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that is hunted as food by another animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.. Verb: To attempt to take an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. for food.

Primates - 

Members of the most highly developed order of animals, including humans, monkeys, and apes.

Producer - 

Organisms, such as plants, which are food sources for other organisms.

Protocol - 

Established procedures or rules for certain activities. For example, there are strict protocols for keepers when they work with monkeys.

Psittacines - 

Parrots and their relatives.

Pupa - 

The stage between the larva and the adult in animals that have complete metamorphosisThe changes in shape and abilities that certain animals go through as they grow from young animals to adults. Caterpillars become butterflies through metamorphosis..