Glossary

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Camouflage - 

The color or pattern of an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.'s covering that is similar to the animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.'s surroundings, and therefore helps hide it. May also be related to smell, as in lions rolling in elephant dung to camouflageThe color or pattern of an animal's covering that is similar to the animal's surroundings, and therefore helps hide it. May also be related to smell, as in lions rolling in elephant dung to camouflage their scent. their scent.

Canine - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. taxonomic group that includes dogs, wolves, foxes, and jackals.

Canine teeth - 

In mammals, the teeth next to the incisors that are used for holding preyNoun: An animal that is hunted as food by another animal. Verb: To attempt to take an animal for food. and/or tearing meat.

Canopy - 

The second-highest, spreading, branchy layer of trees in a rain forestA woodland that receives more than 100 inches (250 centimeters) of rain each year. Tropical rain forests are known for warm temperatures, and have evergreen trees that form a dense, continuous canopy. Temperate rain forests have evergreen and deciduous trees, with temperatures that vary greatly with the season..

Captive propagation - 

The encouragement of breeding and reproduction among animals (particularly endangeredAnimals or plants that survive in such low numbers that they could become extinct in a few years unless something is done to help the populations increase. ones) in a protected, captive setting for conservationThe wise use, care, and protection of natural resources, including plants and animals. purposes.

Captivity - 

The maintenance of animals not in the free, wild state.

Carapace - 

The shell covering the back (top) of a turtle, crab, or other animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs..

Carcass - 

A dead body. Tasmanian devils and vultures are some of the many animals that feed on a carcassA dead body. Tasmanian devils and vultures are some of the many animals that feed on a carcass..

Carnivore - 

A meat-eating animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.; one who eats the flesh of other animals.

Carnivore diet - 

Carnivore dietCarnivore diet consists mostly of ground beef and beef heart. It also contains additional amino acids, vitamins, and minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. 61.8 tons of carnivore diet are used in one year at the San Diego Zoo and the San Diego Zoo Safari Park! consists mostly of ground beef and beef heart. It also contains additional amino acids, vitamins, and minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. 61.8 tons of carnivore dietCarnivore diet consists mostly of ground beef and beef heart. It also contains additional amino acids, vitamins, and minerals such as calcium and phosphorus. 61.8 tons of carnivore diet are used in one year at the San Diego Zoo and the San Diego Zoo Safari Park! are used in one year at the San Diego Zoo and the San Diego Zoo Safari Park!

Carrion - 

The remains of a dead animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that is then eaten by other animals, such as vultures and hyenas.

Casque - 

An enlargement of the back surface of the upper bill of a hornbill birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly..

Caudal - 

Referring to the tail.

Cay - 

A small, low island or emergent reef of sand or coral.

Cell - 

The tiny, basic unit of all living matter.

Chelonian - 

A turtle or tortoise.

Chromosomes - 

Located in the nucleus of each cellThe tiny, basic unit of all living matter. of an organismAnything that is alive., these structures carry the genes, or genetic information, of the individual.

Chrysalis - 

A protective covering for an insectA small animal without a backbone. Its body is divided into three parts. Insects have three pairs of legs and usually two pairs of wings. Flies, ants, grasshoppers, and beetles are a few of the many kinds of insects. pupaThe stage between the larva and the adult in animals that have complete metamorphosis. or for the pupaThe stage between the larva and the adult in animals that have complete metamorphosis. of a butterfly.

CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna) - 

An agreement between more than 85 countries that protects wild speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent., alive or dead, from being exported or imported. Anyone who violates the laws of this agreement faces severe penalties, including fines or jail time.

Claws - 

The fingernails of an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs., such as a bear or cat. They help to grab preyNoun: An animal that is hunted as food by another animal. Verb: To attempt to take an animal for food.. In birds, they're called talonsThe claws of a bird of prey..

Cloaca - 

A body opening that serves both for excretion and for the reproductive organs in reptiles, amphibians, and birds, as well as many fish and some invertebrates.

Clutch - 

The number of eggs produced or incubated at one time by an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs..

Cocoon - 

A silky covering spun by the larvae of many insects, such as silkworms, that protects them while they are in the pupal stage.

Cold-blooded - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. whose body temperature changes with the temperature of the air or water around it, as a turtle or fish.

Colony - 

A group of the same kind of animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. living together.

Colostrum - 

Milk fluid of mammals formed during the first few days after giving birthThe beginning of an animal's life.. It is particularly rich in proteins, including antibodies.

Communicate/communication - 

To exchange information using symbols, signs, actions, or vocal sounds/The act of exchanging information.

Community - 

A group of living things that are generally found together within an ecosystemAll living things depending on one another to survive in a certain area..

Competition - 

A situation that occurs when living things occupying the same area need the same resources for survival.

Compost - 

A mix of decaying plants and other organicSomething that is raised or grown without synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or drugs. matter added to soil in order to enrich the soil for planting.

Conditioning - 

Training an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. to accept a certain pattern of behaviorIn biology, an organism's activity in response to its environment. The study of animal behavior is called ethology..

Coniferous - 

A cone-producing tree or shrub with needle-like leaves.

Conservation - 

The wise use, care, and protection of natural resourcesMaterials found in nature that are used by people, such as sunshine, water, air, soil, minerals, forests, and wildlife., including plants and animals.

Conspecific - 

Of the same speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent..

Constrict - 

To squeeze.

Constrictor - 

A snakeAn animal with a long, scaly body and no arms, legs, or wings. Snakes have backbones and are cold-blooded. that kills its preyNoun: An animal that is hunted as food by another animal. Verb: To attempt to take an animal for food. by grabbing the animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. and quickly wrapping two or three coils around it. The force of constriction (squeezing) prevents the preyNoun: An animal that is hunted as food by another animal. Verb: To attempt to take an animal for food. from breathing, and it usually dies within seconds. The snakeAn animal with a long, scaly body and no arms, legs, or wings. Snakes have backbones and are cold-blooded. can then relax its grip and swallow.

Consumer - 

One that uses economic goods. For example, humans are consumers of coffee, seafood, and forestAn area with many trees. products such as wood. Also, an organismAnything that is alive. that gets its food by eating other organisms or parts of organicSomething that is raised or grown without synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or drugs. matter.

Contour feathers - 

The shorter feathers of a birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly. (not on the wings or tail) that define the birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly.'s shape.

Courtship - 

All behavioral patterns leading to breeding or pair formation.

Crepuscular - 

Active mainly at dawn and dusk.

Crop - 

In many birds and insects, the enlarged part of the esophagus between the mouth and the stomach where food is stored before going to the stomach.

Crustacean - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that has a hard shell and lives in water. Crustaceans have hinged legs and bodies. Shrimps, crabs, and lobsters are all crustaceans.

Cryptic coloration - 

A pattern of colors that makes an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. hard to see. It may be a pattern that is similar to the background on which the animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. lives, or one that seems to break up the animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.'s outline (also called disruptive colorationThe particular way an animal's pattern of color and shading is arranged so that its size and shape appear to be different than its actual size and shape. See also cryptic coloration.). The snakeAn animal with a long, scaly body and no arms, legs, or wings. Snakes have backbones and are cold-blooded. in this image is a good example of cryptic colorationA pattern of colors that makes an animal hard to see. It may be a pattern that is similar to the background on which the animal lives, or one that seems to break up the animal's outline (also called disruptive coloration). The snake in this image is a good example of cryptic coloration..

Cud - 

The portion of food that is brought up into the mouth of a ruminating animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. from its stomach. Cows, goats, and giraffes are some of the many animals that chew cudThe portion of food that is brought up into the mouth of a ruminating animal from its stomach. Cows, goats, and giraffes are some of the many animals that chew cud..

Cursorial - 

Having limbs adapted for running.