Glossary

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Bachelor herd - 

A group of non-breeding males of the same speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. that forms its own herdA group of animals that travels and feeds together. away from the main herdA group of animals that travels and feeds together. that contains the females.

Backbone - 

The column of bones (spineA stiff, sharp projection on an animal; another word for quill.) in the back of many animals. It supports the body. An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. with a backboneThe column of bones (spine) in the back of many animals. It supports the body. An animal with a backbone is called a vertebrate. is called a vertebrateAn animal that has a backbone. Humans, dogs, birds, and frogs are vertebrates..

Bacteria - 

Very tiny plants. BacteriaVery tiny plants. Bacteria are so small that they can only be seen through a microscope. Some kinds of bacteria cause disease. Others do useful things, like making soil richer. are so small that they can only be seen through a microscope. Some kinds of bacteriaVery tiny plants. Bacteria are so small that they can only be seen through a microscope. Some kinds of bacteria cause disease. Others do useful things, like making soil richer. cause disease. Others do useful things, like making soil richer.

Beak - 

The hard mouthpart of a birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly. and some other animals. The beakThe hard mouthpart of a bird and some other animals. The beak can also be called a bill. can also be called a bill.

Behavior - 

In biologyThe study of life and living things. Biology deals with how plants and animals live and grow, how they are made, and where they are found., an organismAnything that is alive.'s activity in response to its environmentEverything that surrounds an animal or other living thing. For example, a pond is a frog's environment.. The study of animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. behaviorIn biology, an organism's activity in response to its environment. The study of animal behavior is called ethology. is called ethologyThe science and study of animal behavior..

Binocular vision - 

Two-eyed vision that allows animals to judge distance.

Biodegradable - 

An item that can readily decompose, or break down, by natural biological processes.

Biodiversity - 

Having many different life forms within a given area.

Biologist - 

Someone who studies life and living things.

Biology - 

The study of life and living things. BiologyThe study of life and living things. Biology deals with how plants and animals live and grow, how they are made, and where they are found. deals with how plants and animals live and grow, how they are made, and where they are found.

Biosphere - 

The portion of the Earth in which living systems occur.

Bipedal locomotion - 

Literally, moving on two feet. Usually refers to walking or running on the hind legs.

Bird - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backboneThe column of bones (spine) in the back of many animals. It supports the body. An animal with a backbone is called a vertebrate., are warm-bloodedAn animal whose body temperature stays fairly constant, no matter what the temperature of the air around it., produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly.

Bird of prey - 

A birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly. that hunts and eats meat; also known as a raptorA bird that hunts and eats meat; also known as bird of prey. Raptors use their talons to catch their food and their strong, curved beaks for tearing food into bite-sized pieces. Falcons, hawks, eagles, and owls are raptors.. Birds of preyNoun: An animal that is hunted as food by another animal. Verb: To attempt to take an animal for food. use their talonsThe claws of a bird of prey. to catch their food and their strong, curved beaks for tearing food into bite-sized pieces. Falcons, hawks, eagles, and owls are birds of preyNoun: An animal that is hunted as food by another animal. Verb: To attempt to take an animal for food..

Birth - 

The beginning of an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.'s life.

Blastocyst - 

The early stage in the development of the mammalian embryo (often the point at which development is arrested in delayed implantation).

Blowgun - 

A long, narrow pipe through which darts or pellets may be blown.

Blubber - 

A thick layer of fat that whales, sea lions, polar bears, and other marineAble to live in salt water, as ocean fish, whales or polar bears. mammals have. BlubberA thick layer of fat that whales, sea lions, polar bears, and other marine mammals have. Blubber helps to keep the animal warm. helps to keep the animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. warm.

Body language - 

The gestures, movements, and mannerisms by which both humans and many animals communicate with others.

Botany/Botanist - 

The study of plants./One who studies plants.

Brachiate/brachiation - 

To move by swinging arms from one hold to another. Monkeys use brachiation to move from branch to branch.

Browse - 

Verb-To eat shoots, twigs, and leaves of trees and shrubs. A giraffe uses its long tongue to browseVerb-To eat shoots, twigs, and leaves of trees and shrubs. A giraffe uses its long tongue to browse on leaves high up in trees. Noun-Leafy plant material animals eat. on leaves high up in trees. Noun-Leafy plantAny living thing that is not an animal. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch. material animals eat.

Burrow - 

Noun-A hole in the ground made by certain animals, like rabbits. Verb-To dig a hole in the ground.

Bushmeat - 

Wild animals that are killed by people for food.