Glossary

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Adapt/Adaptation - 

To adjust to new conditions or surroundings, sometimes over time or several generations.

Aerial - 

Living or spending time in the air.

Aerial roots - 

Any root exposed to the air.

Aggression/aggressiveness - 

An unprovoked attack made by an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs./The tendency for an animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. to attack.

Alarm signal - 

A communication made by animals to alert others to the presence of a predatorAn animal that hunts and kills other animals for its food. or a potential predatorAn animal that hunts and kills other animals for its food.. May be visual, vocal, olfactoryThe sense of smell., etc.

Albino - 

An animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. or plantAny living thing that is not an animal. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch. that has less pigment than normal. An albinoAn animal or plant that has less pigment than normal. An albino animal usually has skin that appears white or transparent; white or nearly colorless hair, feathers, or scales; and pink or blue eyes with a deep-red pupil. An albino plant has less of the chemicals that give plants their normal colors. animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. usually has skin that appears white or transparent; white or nearly colorless hair, feathers, or scales; and pink or blue eyes with a deep-red pupil. An albinoAn animal or plant that has less pigment than normal. An albino animal usually has skin that appears white or transparent; white or nearly colorless hair, feathers, or scales; and pink or blue eyes with a deep-red pupil. An albino plant has less of the chemicals that give plants their normal colors. plantAny living thing that is not an animal. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch. has less of the chemicals that give plants their normal colors.

Algae - 

Organisms that occur in most habitats, from marineAble to live in salt water, as ocean fish, whales or polar bears. and freshwater to desertAn area with little rain and often with hot daytime temperatures. sands, and from hot springs to snow. They vary from small, single-celled forms to complex multicellular forms, such as the giant kelps. AlgaeOrganisms that occur in most habitats, from marine and freshwater to desert sands, and from hot springs to snow. They vary from small, single-celled forms to complex multicellular forms, such as the giant kelps. Algae are important as primary producers of organic matter at the base of the food chain. They also provide oxygen for other aquatic life. are important as primary producers of organicSomething that is raised or grown without synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, or drugs. matter at the base of the food chainA model that shows how plants and animals are linked together because each one eats or is eaten by another.. They also provide oxygen for other aquaticAble to live in water, as a fish or turtle. life.

Alpha male or female - 

The strongest male or female of a speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. in a small geographic area.

Altricial - 

Helpless at birthThe beginning of an animal's life., requiring complete parental care. This term is used to describe some birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly. speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent., such as parrots, that need time to grow their feathers and gain strength in their wings to fly.

Ambush - 

A method of attack. The attacker hides from its preyNoun: An animal that is hunted as food by another animal. Verb: To attempt to take an animal for food. until the preyNoun: An animal that is hunted as food by another animal. Verb: To attempt to take an animal for food. gets close enough to attack, surprising the preyNoun: An animal that is hunted as food by another animal. Verb: To attempt to take an animal for food.. Tigers, pythons, and rattlesnakes are examples of ambushA method of attack. The attacker hides from its prey until the prey gets close enough to attack, surprising the prey. Tigers, pythons, and rattlesnakes are examples of ambush hunters. hunters.

Amphibian - 

A cold-bloodedAn animal whose body temperature changes with the temperature of the air or water around it, as a turtle or fish. animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. that lives both on land and in water and is able to breathe through its skin as well as, or instead of, through its lungs. Frogs and salamanders are amphibians.

Anatomy - 

The structure of an organismAnything that is alive. or of its parts.

Animal - 

Any living thing that is not a plantAny living thing that is not an animal. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch.. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs.

Animal Kingdom - 

Every animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. (from butterflies to basset hounds to black bears to you) belongs to this scientific grouping.

Antenna/antennae - 

A long, thin feeler on the head of an insectA small animal without a backbone. Its body is divided into three parts. Insects have three pairs of legs and usually two pairs of wings. Flies, ants, grasshoppers, and beetles are a few of the many kinds of insects., spiderA small, cold-blooded animal with eight legs. A spider's body is made up of two parts. It has no wings and no backbone. Many spiders spin webs to catch insects for food., or crustaceanAn animal that has a hard shell and lives in water. Crustaceans have hinged legs and bodies. Shrimps, crabs, and lobsters are all crustaceans.. Antennae (two or more antenna) are used as sensing organs, usually for touch.

Anthropomorphic - 

To refer to animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. behaviorIn biology, an organism's activity in response to its environment. The study of animal behavior is called ethology. in terms of human behaviorIn biology, an organism's activity in response to its environment. The study of animal behavior is called ethology..

Antivenin - 

An antitoxic serum used in the treatment of snakebites.

Antlers - 

Growths on the head of a deer that shed every year and are made of bone-like material.

Aquatic - 

Able to live in water, as a fish or turtle.

Arboreal - 

Able to live in trees, like a parrot or iguana.

Artificial insemination - 

The introduction of sperm into the female reproductive tract by other than natural means.

Artiodactyla - 

Scientific order of even-toed ungulates, such as antelope and goats.

Avian - 

Referring to birds.