Mammal

Reindeer

Area: 
Canada, Alaska, Greenland, northern Europe, and northern Asia
Habitat: 
Tundra, mountains, and woodlands
Food: 
Leaves, lichen, fungi
Size: 
4 to 7 feet long, 31 to 59 inches tall at the shoulder
Babies: 
A single calf is born in May or June and nurses for about 6 months.
Both male and female reindeer grow antlers; in other kinds of deer, only males have them.

Are these big, furry, hoofed animals reindeer or caribou? The answer depends on where you live. In Europe and Asia where they have been domesticated, they are known as reindeer. People in those areas rely on reindeer to pull sleds or carry packs. In the northern parts of North America where these animals roam freely, they are called caribou. In the U.S., we use the name “reindeer” when talking about the domesticated animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs..

 

Fur covering a reindeer’s body helps it stay warm in its very cold habitatWhere an animal or plant normally lives and grows.. Reindeer even have fur on the bottom of their hooves, which helps them keep from slipping on icy ground. Their big, broad hooves also work well as paddles when the animalAny living thing that is not a plant. Most animals can move about freely. All use plants or other animals as food. All have sensory organs. swims across rivers or lakes. And, their sharp hooves are used as shovels to dig into the snow to find food.

 

A reindeer calf can walk about one hour after it is born. It follows its mother, staying close to nurse and for protection. Reindeer live in big groups called a herdA group of animals that travels and feeds together.. In the spring, herds come together and form an even bigger group of up to 500,00 animals. Since all the females in a herdA group of animals that travels and feeds together. give birthThe beginning of an animal's life. at the same time of year, a reindeer calf has many friends to play reindeer games with!