Mammal

Mule Deer

Area: 
Western United States
Habitat: 
desert regions, mountain forests, wooded hills, and in chaparral
Food: 
vegetation, including mesquite leaves, jojoba, cat claw, buck bush, and other shrubs and grasses.
Size: 
from 3 to 3.5 feet tall at the shoulder, 4.5 to 7 feet long, with a tail that is 5 to 8 inches long. Mule deer weigh between 130 and 280 pounds. The female deer are smaller than the males.
Babies: 
Mule deer females usually give birth to two fawns, although if it is their first time having a baby they often only have one fawn.
Mule deer do not have upper teeth, only a hard palate on the roof of their mouth.

 

On the top of their head...

 

How can you tell if a deer is a mule deer? Their ears! They have long ears, almost like a mule's. Mule deer are grayish-brown in color and have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. The male deer grow antlersGrowths on the head of a deer that shed every year and are made of bone-like material. during the summer and fall and shed them each spring. The antlersGrowths on the head of a deer that shed every year and are made of bone-like material. split off from the main branch to form two branches, and each branch has two or more smaller growths called "tines."

 

Mule deer adapt to living in places like the desertAn area with little rain and often with hot daytime temperatures. by being active at night or during the early morning hours during warm weather. They also have adapted to eating a wide variety of vegetation types in order to meet all of their nutritional needs.

 

Mule deer are not picky about where they sleep! They make temporary "beds," which are often just flattened areas of grass or leaves. If it is an area they use often, then they will use their hooves to scratch a crude nest into the earth.