Mammal

Cape buffalo

Area: 
Eastern and southern Africa
Habitat: 
Open savannas and grasslands near permanent water sources
Food: 
Coarse grasses, leaves, herbs, and foliage
Size: 
Males can reach up to 11 feet long and weigh more than 2,000 pounds.
Babies: 
Calves weigh from 50 to 90 pounds at birth.
Birds like oxpeckers sit on a Cape buffalo's back and eat any insects on its skin.
Big "Boss"

 

The Cape buffalo, also called the African buffalo, is the largest of Africa's wild cattle. Their name comes from the area of the world where they they live in Africa. Male Cape buffalo can weigh more than 2,000 pounds. They have very thick skin—up to 2 inches thick in some places! This helps to protect the buffalo from injury during fighting and to threaten predators.

 

The Cape buffalo's most obvious characteristic is right on its head—its hornsGrowths on the head of an antelope, cow, sheep, or goat that are never shed.! Male Cape buffalo have hornsGrowths on the head of an antelope, cow, sheep, or goat that are never shed. that look like a helmet. The spot in the middle where they grow together like a shield is called the "boss."

 

Cape buffalo live in groups of about 12 cows and their calves, and 4 or 5 bulls. If there is plenty of food around to eat, some herds can grow to up to 2,000 members. HerdA group of animals that travels and feeds together. members protect each other, and will even kill lions that are hunting them!