Mammal

African Elephant

Area: 
Parts of central, eastern, and southern Africa
Habitat: 
Grasslands and open woodlands
Food: 
Grass, leaves, and the bark of bushes and trees
Size: 
Males can reach 13 feet tall and weigh up to 13,000 pounds; females are smaller
Babies: 
A calf weighs about 250 pounds at birth.
Elephants keep growing throughout their lifetime!
Just Call Them "Ginormous"

 

Adult African elephants are huge.  Males can weigh as much as a school bus! Even their teeth are big–an adult's molar is the size of a brick. Their huge teeth help them grind and eat a lot of plantAny living thing that is not an animal. Plants live on sunlight and water instead of food. Plants generally cannot move on their own, and are not able to smell, hear, see, or touch. material every day. Our elephants at the Zoo and the Park each eat over 100 pounds of food each day.

 
At first glance, African elephants look similar to Asian elephants, but they are different speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. that live in different parts of the world. Here are some helpful clues for telling the two speciesA group of individuals that have many of the same characteristics, and are different from all other animals in some important way. Hamsters and mice are two different species of rodent. apart: African elephants have very large ears that are shaped like the continent of Africa, while Asian elephants have smaller ears. Also, an Asian elephant's back is rounded, but an African elephant's back has a dip or sway in it. Their trunks are a little different, too: African elephants have two “fingers” at the end of their trunk but Asian elephants have only one.

 

When most people think of elephants, they picture the large tusksLong incisor teeth that grow outside the mouths of such animals as the elephant and walrus.. Both male and female African elephants have long tusksLong incisor teeth that grow outside the mouths of such animals as the elephant and walrus., which are actually teeth. Elephants dig with their tusksLong incisor teeth that grow outside the mouths of such animals as the elephant and walrus. and use them to lift and move objects and to protect themselves. Sadly, people hunt elephants for these teeth. One reason these giants of the animal kingdomEvery animal (from butterflies to basset hounds to black bears to you) belongs to this scientific grouping. are threatened is because people want to collect their tusksLong incisor teeth that grow outside the mouths of such animals as the elephant and walrus..