Adult fossa looking off to the left, standing in front of rocky wall.

Fossa

Small, powerful predator

Type

giant panda

Mammals

Area

Map highlighting Madagascar

Madagascar

Endangered Status

Threatened

facts

size
72 inches
from nose to tail tip
The average bed is 74 inches long.
Fossa compared to an average bed
food
meat
carnivore
Carnivore

The fossa hunts and eats birds, reptiles, and small mammals (mostly lemurs).

habitat
forests
tropical forests
forest habitat

description

Adult fossa sitting on a wood stump

description

What is it?

This animal confuses people at first—even its name. It’s a fossa, pronounced FOO-sah (some people say “FOOSH” instead). And since it looks like a long-bodied catlike dog with a monkey’s long tail, people wonder what kind of creature it is! Fossas belong to their own group, but are related to the mongoose and civet.

A pair of baby fossa climbing and hanging from a tree

Way to go!

With sharp claws for gripping and a long tail for balance, the fossa an amazingly agile animal. It quickly leaps from branch to branch and tree to tree. It can even crawl along the underside of a branch! Fossas have such flexible ankles, the hind feet are able to turn almost backwards. This allows the animal to go down tree trunks headfirst!

Fossa baby climbing a tree

On the hunt

A stealthy predator, the fossa hunts by day or night. It often travels high in the trees in search of its favorite prey: lemurs.  Rodents, birds, reptiles, and fish might also end up as a meal. A fossa spends lots of time up in the trees, but is also comfortable on the ground.

 

Fossa pup with tail raised

Scented signals

Although they chirp, purr, and yelp, fossas mostly communicate through scent. Each fossa has scent glands on its chest and under the base of the tail. Rubbing the glands on rocks, trees, or even just the ground leaves a message to other fossas. These animals tend to be solitary, so leaving scent signals can help them either stay out of each other’s way, or come together for mating.

Fossa pup climbing down a rocky cliff

Pups

Before a female fossa gives birth, she creates a den in a rock crevice, a hollow tree stump, underground, or even in an old termite mound. Her pups will stay in the cozy den for about four to five months before they begin to explore outside. Then they practice climbing, running, and leaping. They stay with their mother for one to two years, learning to be good hunters.