Bird

Gouldian finch

Area: 
Northern Australia, New Guinea, and surrounding islands
Habitat: 
Grasslands with eucalyptus trees near water
Food: 
Grass seeds
Size: 
5 ½ to 6 inches
Babies: 
Chicks have no feathers when they first hatch. When their feathers grow in, they are not as colorful as the adult finches’.
Chicks have light-reflecting bumps at the corners of their beaks. These work like nightlights to help parents find the chicks’ mouths in the dark nest.
Rainbow Birds

 

 

Just one look shows why Gouldian (say “gool-dee-an”) finches are also called rainbow finches. Can you count all the colors on these beautiful birds? Look at more than just one—there are three different color phases. Some have a black face (it is the most common), others have a scarlet face. The most rareA species that has small populations, so that even a slight decrease in numbers could cause extinction. type has a yellow or gold face.

 

Gouldian finches eat seeds, but they don’t swallow them whole. First, the birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly. uses the sharp cutting edges of its bill to tear the husk off each seed. Pluck, husk, swallow, the birdAn animal that has wings and is covered with feathers. Birds have a backbone, are warm-blooded, produce young from eggs, and walk on their two legs. Most can fly. eats seed by seed. That’s a lot of work! But since their beakThe hard mouthpart of a bird and some other animals. The beak can also be called a bill. is adapted for this task, the job goes quickly.

 

These social little birds gather in big flocks around waterholes. After they have a drink and a bath, they preenIn birds, to clean, trim, and smooth feathers with the beak or bill. each other. They also hang out in family groups of parents and their young.  Gouldian finches build a ball-shaped nest of grass in a tree hollow. The female and male take turns keeping the eggs warm and feeding the chicks when they hatch.