Caribbean Flamingo

South America and the Caribbean; small population in the Galápagos Islands
Large shallow lakes and lagoons
Brine flies, shrimp, and mollusks
31 to 57 inches tall, weighs up to 6 pounds
Usually 1 egg is laid, from which a chick hatches after about 30 days.
The Caribbean flamingo is the "brightest" of all flamingos, showing its true colors of red, pink, or orange on its legs, bill, and face.
Watch the Birdie(s)!

Flamingos are very social birds that like to live in groups of varying sizes, from a few pair to sometimes thousands or tens of thousands. Just imagine how cool it would be to see that many flamingos as they demonstrate their displays of head-flagging, wing salutes, twist-preenings, and marching. The marches are really impressive, with the large, tightly packed flockA group of birds or mammals. For example: a flock of sheep; a flock of ducks walking together one way, then switching direction abruptly. All for one and one for all!


Flamingos also build very interesting nests. A flamingo nest is not fancy—just a mound of mud, maybe 12 inches high—but it is carefully made. The nest needs to be high enough to protect the egg from flooding and from the occasional intense heat at ground level. Both the male and female build the nest by drawing mud toward their feet with their bills. Flamingos lay a single large egg, which is incubated by both parents. At hatching, a flamingo chick has gray feathers, called down feathersSoft feathers that provide insulation for birds.. It also has a straight, pink bill and swollen pink legs, both of which turn black within a week.


All flamingos feed with their bills upside-down. They tip their head into the water and filter feed, using special adaptations in the top half of their bill, to gather the microorganisms that make up their dietThe food an animal eats.. Flamingos are not born with their brightly colored plumage; their color comes from pigments in the foods they eat.